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Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - História

Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - História

Daniel T. Griffin

Daniel Thornburg Griffin, nascido em 25 de março de 1911 em Allendale, Ill alistou-se na Marinha em outubro de 1930 e serviu continuamente até sua morte durante o ataque japonês a Pearl Harbor em 7 de dezembro de 1941. O imediato do maquinista de aviação Griffin foi citado pelo comandante em chefe , Pacific Fleet, por sua ação rápida e eficiente e sua total desconsideração do perigo pessoal na defesa da Estação Aérea Naval, Baía de Kaneohe.

(DE-54: dp. 1.400, 1.306 '; b. 37'; dr. 13'6 "; v. 24 k.
cpl. 186; uma. 3 3 ". 3 21" tt .. 8 dcp .. 1 dcp. (hh.). 2 dct ..
cl. Buckley)

Daniel T. Griffin (DE-54) foi lançado em 25 de fevereiro de 1943 por Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Mass.; patrocinado pela Sra. D. T. Griffin e comissionado em 9 de junho de 1943, o tenente comandante P. M. Fenton, USNR, no comando.

Depois de uma viagem que escoltou um comboio para Casablanca Marrocos Francês entre 15 de agosto e 24 de setembro de 1943, Daniel T. Griffin assumiu o serviço de comboio entre Nova York e a Irlanda do Norte, fazendo oito viagens transatlânticas entre 13 de outubro de 1943 e 23 de setembro de 1944. Ela chegou a Staten Island , NY, 22 de outubro para conversão em transporte de alta velocidade. Ela foi reclassificada APD-38, 23 de outubro de 1944.

Partindo de Norfolk em 13 de janeiro de 1945 Daniel T. Griffin chegou a Pearl Harbor em 6 de fevereiro para servir nas equipes de demolição subaquática. Ela foi liberada em 14 de fevereiro em serviço de comboio para Ulithi e Kossol Passage, depois chegou a San Pedro Bay, Leyte, em 5 de março, para os ensaios de invasão na Ilha Hononhan. No dia 19 de março partiu para Kerama Retto, chegando no dia 26. Durante o ataque a Okinawa, ela rastreou navios em Kerama Retto e varreu minas, entregou explosivos nas praias de Okinawa e, em seguida, atuou como navio de resgate até 18 de maio. Em 6 de abril, ela lutou contra vários ataques suicidas, atingindo pelo menos dois aviões inimigos. Quando Morris (DD-417) foi atingido, Daniel T. Griffin a protegeu contra novos ataques, ajudou a apagar seus incêndios e a acompanhou até Kerarea Retto. Daniel T. Griffin serviu como escolta local em Saipan entre 20 de maio e 19 de junho de 1945 , então escoltado
um comboio de volta para Okinawa e outro de Okinawa para Ulithi. Em 11 de julho, ela chegou à Baía de San Pedro, Leyte, para tarefas variadas nas Filipinas até 22 de setembro, quando navegou com tropas de ocupação para Kure, no Japão, desembarcando seus passageiros de 6 a 11 de outubro. Retornando a Manila em 16 de outubro, ela redistribuiu tropas nas Filipinas até 2 de dezembro, quando partiu para os Estados Unidos. Ela ligou brevemente em San Diego, chegou a Norfolk em 11 de janeiro de 1946 e Green Cove Springs, Flórida, em 4 de março. Ela foi colocada fora de serviço na reserva em 30 de maio de 1946.

Daniel T. Griffin recebeu uma estrela de batalha para o Mundial. Serviço da segunda guerra.


USS Daniel T. Griffin (DE 54)

Reclassificado como transporte de alta velocidade APD-38 23 de outubro de 1944.
Desativado em 30 de maio de 1946.
Transferido para o Chile em 15 de novembro de 1966 e renomeado como Virgilio Uribe.
Atingido pelo U.S.N. 1 ° de dezembro de 1966.
Virgilio Uribe foi desativado e dividido para sucata em 1995.

Comandos listados para USS Daniel T. Griffin (DE 54)

Observe que ainda estamos trabalhando nesta seção.

ComandanteA partir dePara
1Perry Maurice Fenton, USNR9 de junho de 19432 de outubro de 1943
2Frederick Denfield, USNR2 de outubro de 19438 de janeiro de 1944
3James A. Eastwood, USNR8 de janeiro de 19441 de junho de 1945
4Egbert R. Ferguson, USNR1 de junho de 194515 de novembro de 1945

Você pode ajudar a melhorar nossa seção de comandos
Clique aqui para enviar eventos / comentários / atualizações para esta embarcação.
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Links de mídia


7 de dezembro de 1941 [editar | editar fonte]

Na manhã de 7 de dezembro de 1941, Daniel estava de guarda de rotina na Estação Aérea Naval de Kaneohe. Seu PBY estava pronto, sentado na baía, com dois dos quatro membros da tripulação já a bordo. Quando Daniel viu os aviões japoneses se aproximando da base, percebeu que não eram militares dos Estados Unidos. Daniel chamou os membros da tripulação a bordo do avião para ligarem os motores enquanto ele começava a nadar para o PBY. Daniel acomodou-se no assento do piloto e começou a taxiar o avião para a decolagem. O PBY de Daniel foi atingido por tiros japoneses assim que ele decolou. Ele pegou fogo e afundou na Baía de Kaneohe, onde, de acordo com a University of Hawaii e a East Carolina University, ainda permanece até hoje. Daniel foi gravemente queimado, mas conseguiu escapar do avião e tentou nadar de volta para a costa. Os aviões japoneses continuaram metralhando as águas da Baía de Kaneohe com metralhadoras. Daniel sofreu um ferimento a bala na cabeça que entrou no lado direito atrás de sua orelha e saiu no lado esquerdo de seu rosto, matando-o instantaneamente. Acredita-se que Daniel foi o primeiro soldado a morrer na Baía de Kaneohe naquele dia. A esposa de Daniel, Lucille, depois de ver seu avião taxiando na baía e mais tarde pegando fogo, não sabia se seu marido havia sobrevivido. Em 12 de dezembro, a polícia de Kaneohe ligou para a base para relatar que um corpo havia sido levado à costa. Daniel T. Griffin foi identificado e declarado morto. Daniel foi enterrado em uma sepultura temporária na costa norte da Ilha Kaneohe com vários outros soldados que morreram durante o ataque. Seu corpo foi posteriormente exumado e reenterrado em um cemitério em Colorado Springs, CO. Sua comissão para alferes chegou à base duas semanas após sua morte. A esposa de Daniel, Lucille, mais tarde recebeu uma Carta de Citação do Almirante Chester Nimitz citando a bravura das ações de Daniel com total desprezo por seu bem-estar pessoal.


USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN DE-54 Expositor de navio da Marinha

Esta é uma bela exibição de navio em homenagem ao USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN (DE-54). A obra de arte retrata o USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN em toda a sua glória. Mais do que apenas um conceito artístico do navio, esta exibição inclui uma placa de crista de navio personalizada e uma placa de estatísticas de navio gravada. Este produto é ricamente acabado com esteiras duplas de tamanho e corte personalizado e emoldurado com uma moldura preta de alta qualidade. Apenas os melhores materiais são usados ​​para completar nossos displays de navio. O Navy Emporium Ship Displays é um presente generoso e pessoal para qualquer marinheiro da Marinha.

  • Brasão da Marinha com desenho personalizado e habilmente gravado posicionado em feltro preto fino
  • A arte tem 16 x 7 polegadas em fosco pesado
  • Placa gravada informando as estatísticas vitais do navio
  • Fechado em uma moldura preta de 20 "X 16" de alta qualidade
  • Escolha de opções de cores de fosco

POR FAVOR, VER NOSSAS OUTRAS INFORMAÇÕES DO GRIFO DE-54 USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN:
Fórum do livro de visitas USS Daniel T Griffin DE-54


Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - História

USS DANIEL T. GRIFFIN DE 54 / APD 38

Data e local desconhecidos.

Foto enviada por Robert S. Mullady GM 3 / c
A bordo de dezembro de 1943 a março de 1946

Eu recentemente me aposentei da Marinha do Chile como Tenente Comandante e servi a bordo do APD & quotUribe & quot ex-USS Daniel T.Griffin como subtenente em 1985. Ela foi desativada em 1994 e afundou como alvo na costa de Valparaíso. Eu tinha fortes sentimentos por ela, porque ela foi meu primeiro navio. e onde eu tive meu primeiro grande sentimento & quotsea doentio & quot..nunca mais!
Só queria que você soubesse.

Saúde,
Gonzalo Lagarini
LCDR (R)
Marinha chilena

Seu webmaster respondeu a este e-mail e pediu a confirmação de que o ex-DE54 / APD38 foi, de fato, destruído como um alvo. LCDR Lagarini respondeu:

Obrigado por sua resposta rápida. Em relação à sua pergunta, entendo a sua necessidade de confirmar as informações, não há problema. No dia em que ela afundou, eu pilotava uma aeronave PC-7 (eu era piloto da marinha na época, tenente JG)

Eu deveria atacar nossa & quotEscuadra & quot (nossa frota) e mais tarde naquele dia os navios passariam e atirariam no APD. ela NÃO foi fácil de afundar, na verdade ela foi atingida várias vezes, mas se recusou a afundar. um grupo de homens foca teve que voltar para dentro dela e colocar um pouco de TNT para acabar com ela. Isso aconteceu em novembro de 1995.

Antes de enviar esta informação [este e-mail] confirmei com o oficial que COLOU a TNT a bordo dela e que ainda está em serviço.

Também estou lhe enviando uma fotografia tirada dela na Baía de Concepción no ano de 1987.


Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - História

ARSOF caído de 2001 a 2020

Aos meus companheiros guerreiros e cidadãos,

Este site é uma homenagem aos homens e mulheres do Comando de Operações Especiais do Exército dos EUA que pagaram o preço final em nossa guerra contra os extremistas e outros inimigos de nosso país desde os ataques de 11 de setembro. Suas vidas e sacrifícios, conforme descritos aqui, são uma prova da notável e inabalável disposição dos americanos de se apresentar e aceitar as tarefas mais difíceis e perigosas para proteger nosso estilo de vida. Devemos ser sempre lembrados pelas histórias nestas páginas que a liberdade não é gratuita, mas é paga por cada geração com o sangue dos melhores filhos e filhas da América.

Não devemos esquecer.

Em seu nome e na memória daqueles que vieram antes e atenderam ao chamado para se juntar à soldadesca de nossa Nação e assumir o fardo único das Operações Especiais - tenha orgulho de quem você é, do que você faz e com quem você faz isso, por você são sem igual - Sine Pari.

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MAJ
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Kristofor T.
Stonesifer -> MSG
Jefferson D.
Davis -> SFC
Daniel H.
Petitório -> SSG
Brian C.
Prosser ->

SFC
Nathan R.
Chapman -> SGT
Thomas F.
Allison -> SSG
James P.
Dorrity -> CW2
Jody L.
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Curtis D.
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Jeremy D.
Foshee -> SSG
Kerry W.
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Bruce A.
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Philip J.
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Gene A.
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Lane -> SFC
William M.
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Morehead -> LTC
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Jay M.
Bênção -> PFC
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Roy A.
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Curtis
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Michael B.
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Patrick D.
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Bruce E.
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Daniel W.
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Robert J.
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Paul R.
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Paul C.
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Michael Y.
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Robert S.
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Tony B.
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Steven M.
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Alexandre -> CPT
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Robert M.
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Michael L.
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Shamus O.
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Michael L.
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Fester -> SFC
Lawrence E.
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Harper Jr. -> SSG
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Kimmell -> PFC
Dillon M.
Jutras -> MAJ
Jeffrey P.
Toczylowski -> SFC
James S.
Ochsner -> MSG
Anthony R.
C. Yost -> SGT
Regina C.
Reali -> SGT
Cheyenne
C. Willey -> MSG
Joseph J.
Andres Jr. -> 1SG
Tobias C.
Meister -> SSG
Ayman A.
Taha -> CPL
George A.
Lutz II ->

SFC
Lance S.
Cornett -> SSG
Edwin H.
DazaChacon -> SFC
Chad A.
Gonsalves -> SGT
Alberto D.
Montrond -> SSG
Clinton T.
Newman -> MSG
Emigdio E.
Elizarraras -> SSG
Ricardo
Barraza -> SGT
Dale G.
M. Brehm -> SFC
Christopher
L. Robinson -> SFC
Richard J.
Herrema -> SPC
Teodoro
Torres -> SSG
Nathan J.
Vacho -> 1SG
Carlos N.
Saenz -> CW5
Jamie D.
Semanas -> MAJ
Matthew W.
Worrell -> CPT
Shane R. M.
Mahaffee -> LTC
Daniel E.
Holanda -> SSG
cristão
Longsworth -> SFC
Daniel B.
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Thomas D.
Maholic -> SSG
Michael A.
Dickinson II -> SSG
Eric
Caban -> SFC
Merideth L.
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J. Paul -> SPC
Adam L.
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Dominguez -> CW2
Scott W.
Tintureiro -> SSG
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Kyu H.
Chay -> SFC
William R.
Castanho -> SFC
Tung M.
Nguyen -> 2LT
Scott B.
Lundell -> SGT
Dustin M.
Adkins -> SGT
Marco L.
Miller ->

SGT
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Freeman -> MAJ
Alan R.
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James J.
Regan -> SPC
Ryan C.
Garbs -> SPC
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Gordon -> PFC
Kristofer
Thomas -> SGT
Adam A.
Wilkinson -> CW3
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McCants Jr. -> CW3
John A.
Quinlan -> SPC
Travis R.
Vaughn -> SSG
Michael D.
Thomas -> SGT
Timothy P.
Padgett -> SGM
Bradly D.
Conner -> SSG
Joshua R.
Whitaker -> MSG
Arthur L.
Lilley -> SFC
Nathan L.
Winder -> SSG
Robb L.
Rolfing -> MAJ
James M.
Ahearn -> SGT
Keith A.
Kline -> SFC
Sean K.
Mitchell -> CPL
Jason M.
Kessler -> SSG
Jesse G.
Clowers Jr. -> SFC
Jeffery D.
Chaleira -> SGT
Charles B.
Kitowski III -> SSG
Robert R.
Pirelli -> SPC
George
V. Libby -> SFC
Adrian M.
Elizalde -> SFC
Michael J.
Tully -> CPL
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C. Dillon -> SFC
Justin S.
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Joseph F.
Curreri -> MAJ
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Steven C.
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William R.
Neil Jr. -> SGT
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Jason L.
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Frank J.
Gasper -> SPC
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Gathercole -> SFC
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Nunez -> SPC
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Jeffrey M.
Rada
Morales -> MSG
Shawn E.
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Textor -> CPT
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Cliff Jr. -> SFC
Jamie S.
Nicholas -> SFC
Gary J.
Vasquez -> SGT
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Rudd -> MAJ
Robert D.
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Hario -> SFC
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Martin III -> SFC
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D. Shaw -> SGT
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Chávez -> CW3
Niall D.
Lyons -> SSG
Shawn H.
McNabb -> SFC
David E.
Metzger -> CW4
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Montgomery -> SGT
Nickolas A.
Mueller -> SSG
Matthew A.
Pucino ->

SSG
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Cristão -> SPC
Marc P.
Decoteau -> CPT
David J.
Thompson -> SFC
David J.
Hartman -> SFC
Matthew S.
Sluss- Tiller -> SSG
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Stets Jr. -> SGT
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Clarkson -> CPL
Michael D.
Jankiewicz -> SSG
James R.
Patton -> SGT
Ronald A.
Kubik -> SGT
Jason A.
Santora -> MSG
Mark W.
Coleman -> CPT
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Conforto -> SGT
Jonathan
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Andrew J.
Creighton -> SPC
Joseph W.
Dimock II -> SGT
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Santiago -> SGT
Justin B.
Allen -> CPT
Jason E.
Holbrook -> SSG
Kyle R.
Warren -> MSG
Jared N.
Van Aalst -> SGT
Andrew C.
Nicol -> SPC
Bradley D.
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Christopher
S. Wright -> SGT
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Lugo -> SFC
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Harrison -> SFC
Lance H.
Vogeler -> SSG
Kevin M.
Pape ->

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Park -> MSG
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Bitner -> SFC
Martin R.
Apolinar -> SGT
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Blasjo -> CPT
Joseph W.
Schultz -> SSG
Jeremy A.
Katzenberger -> SFC
Wyatt A.
Ourives -> MSG
Benjamin A.
Stevenson -> CPT
Waid C.
Ramsey -> SGT
Alessandro
Plutino -> MSG
Danial R.
Adams -> SSG
Michael W.
Hosey -> SGT
Tyler N.
Holtz -> SPC
Ricardo
Cerros Jr. -> SFC
Kristoffer B.
Domeij -> PFC
Christopher
A. Buzinas -> 1LT
Ashley I.
Branco ->

SFC
Benjamin B.
Wise -> SGT
Tanner S.
Higgins -> SSG
Andrew T.
Britton-Mihalo -> SSG
Brandon F.
Eggleston -> SSG
Brandon R.
Pimenta -> MSG
Gregory R.
Trent -> SSG
Jeremie S.
Fronteira -> SFC
Riley G.
Stephens -> SFC
Aaron A.
Henderson -> SSG
Justin C.
Marquez -> WO1
Joseph L.
Schiro -> SGT
Thomas R.
MacPherson -> SFC
Ryan J.
Savard -> CW2
Michael S.
Duskin -> SSG
Kashif M.
Memon -> SGT
Clinton K.
Ruiz ->

CPT
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Pedersen-Keel -> SFC
James F.
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Michael H.
Simpson -> WO1
Sean W.
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M. Novo -> MSG
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Nevins -> SGT
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Strickland -> SSG
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McGill -> SGT
Patrick C.
Hawkins -> SPC
Cody J.
Patterson -> CPT
Jennifer M.
Moreno -> SGT
Joseph M.
Peters -> SSG
Patrick H.
Quinn -> SSG
Richard L.
Vazquez -> SSG
Alex A.
Viola ->

SSG
Daniel
T. Lee -> SPC
Christopher
A. Landis -> SFC
Roberto C.
Skelt Jr. -> SPC
John A.
Pelham -> CPT
Jason B.
Jones -> SSG
Jason A.
McDonald -> SSG
Scott R.
Studenmund -> SSG
Girard D.
Gass Jr. -> SFC
Andrew T.
Weathers -> SFC
Michael A.
Cathcart -> SSG
Matthew R.
Ammerman ->

SFC
Mateus
McClintock -> SSG
Matthew V.
Thompson -> SSG
Adam S.
Thomas -> MAJ
Andrew D.
Byers -> SFC
Ryan A.
Gloyer -> SSG
James F.
Moriarty -> SSG
Kevin J.
McEnroe -> SFC
Matthew C.
Lewellen ->

SSG
marca
de Alencar -> SGT
Joshua
Rodgers -> SGT
Cameron
Thomas -> SSG
Logan J.
Melgar -> SSG
Aaron
Mordomo -> SSG
Emil
Rivera-Lopez -> SSG
Jeremias
Johnson -> SSG
Bryan
Preto -> SSG
Dustin
Wright -> SGT
La David
Johnson -> CW2
Jacob
Sims -> SFC
Stephen
Cribben ->

SFC
Mihail
Golin -> MSG
Jonathan
J. Dunbar -> SSG
Alexandre
W. Conrad -> SFC
Christopher
A. Celiz -> SFC
Reymund R.
Transfiguracion -> CW3
Taylor
J. Galvin -> MAJ
Brent R.
Taylor -> SGT
Leandro A.S.
Jasso -> CPT
Andrew P.
Ross -> SFC
Eric M.
Emond ->

CW2
Jonathan
R. Farmer -> SGT
Cameron
A. Meddock -> SSG
Joshua
Z. Beale -> SFC
Will D.
Lindsay -> MSG
Micheal
B. Riley -> SGM
James G.
Sartor -> MSG
Luis F.
DeLeon-Figueroa -> MSG
Jose J.
Gonzalez -> SFC
Dustin
B. Ard -> SFC
Jeremy
W. Griffin -> SFC
Michael
Goble ->

“O tempo não diminuirá a glória de seus atos.”
- John J. Pershing, General dos Exércitos


Aula de Buckley


O contratorpedeiro escolta USS Barr (DE 576) da Marinha dos Estados Unidos.

Informação técnica

ModeloEscolta de Destruidor
Deslocamento1400 BRT
Comprimento306 pés
Complemento213 homens
Armamento3 armas de 3 "(3x1) 4 1,1" AA
10 20 mm
3 tubos de torpedo de 21 "(1x3)
2 trilhas de carga de profundidade
8 projetores de carga de profundidade
1 ouriço
velocidade máxima23 nós
MotoresTurbo elétrico, 2 eixos
Poder12000 HP
Notas sobre a aulaVários navios desta classe foram alugados para a Grã-Bretanha durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial para se tornarem a classe de capitão da Marinha Real. Esses navios não estão listados nesta página.

Todos os navios da classe Buckley

Marinha dos Estados Unidos (mais sobre a Marinha dos EUA)

102 Escoltas de Destruidor do Aula de Buckley. 5 deles foram perdidos.

Navios da classe Buckley atingidos por submarinos (4)

Os livros que tratam desse assunto incluem:

The Buckley-Class Destroyer Escorts, Bruce Hampton Franklin, 1999


Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - História

ARSOF caído de 2001 a 2020

Aos meus companheiros guerreiros e cidadãos,

Este site é uma homenagem aos homens e mulheres do Comando de Operações Especiais do Exército dos EUA que pagaram o preço final em nossa guerra contra os extremistas e outros inimigos de nosso país desde os ataques de 11 de setembro. Suas vidas e sacrifícios, conforme descritos aqui, são uma prova da notável e inabalável disposição dos americanos de se apresentar e aceitar as tarefas mais difíceis e perigosas a fim de proteger nosso modo de vida. Devemos ser sempre lembrados pelas histórias nestas páginas que a liberdade não é gratuita, mas é paga por cada geração com o sangue dos melhores filhos e filhas da América.

Não devemos esquecer.

Em seu nome e na memória daqueles que vieram antes e atenderam ao chamado para se juntar à soldadesca de nossa Nação e assumir o fardo único das Operações Especiais - tenha orgulho de quem você é, do que você faz e com quem você faz isso, por você são sem igual - Sine Pari.

  • PESQUISA POR FOTO
  • USASOC
  • Forças especiais
  • guardas
  • 160º SOAR
  • PSYOP
  • Assuntos Civis
  • Exibir tudo

MAJ
Wallace
C. Hogan Jr. -> SPC
Jonn J.
Edmunds -> PFC
Kristofor T.
Stonesifer -> MSG
Jefferson D.
Davis -> SFC
Daniel H.
Petitório -> SSG
Brian C.
Prosser ->

SFC
Nathan R.
Chapman -> SGT
Thomas F.
Allison -> SSG
James P.
Dorrity -> CW2
Jody L.
Egnor -> MAJ
Curtis D.
Feistner -> SGT
Jeremy D.
Foshee -> SSG
Kerry W.
Frith -> CPT
Bartt D.
Owens -> SSG
Bruce A.
Rushforth Jr. -> CW2
Stanley L.
Harriman -> SPC
Marc A.
Anderson -> CPL
Matthew A.
Commons -> SGT
Bradley S.
Crose -> SGT
Philip J.
Svitak -> SFC
Daniel A.
Romero -> SSG
Gene A.
Vance Jr. -> SFC
Peter P.
Tycz II -> SFC
Christopher
J. Speer -> SFC
Mark W.
Jackson ->

SSG
Gregory M.
Frampton -> CW3
Thomas J.
Gibbons -> SSG
Daniel L.
Kisling -> CW3
Mark S.
O’Steen -> SSG
Orlando
Morales -> MSG
George A.
Fernandez -> SSG
Nino D.
Livaudais -> SPC
Ryan P.
Longo -> CPT
Russell B.
Rippetoe -> CPL
Andrew F.
Chris -> SSG
Timothy M.
Conneway -> 1SG
Christopher
D. Caixão -> CPL
Mark A.
Bibby -> LTC
Anthony L.
Sherman -> SFC
Mitchell A.
Lane -> SFC
William M.
Bennett -> MSG
Kevin N.
Morehead -> LTC
Charles H.
Buehring -> SSG
Paul A.
Sweeney -> SGT
Jay M.
Bênção -> PFC
Charles E.
Bush Jr. ->

SGT
Roy A.
Madeira -> MSG
Kelly L.
Hornbeck -> SPC
Adam G.
Kinser -> SFC
Curtis
Mancini -> SGT
Danton K.
Seitsinger -> SPC
Nichole M.
Frye -> MSG
Richard L.
Ferguson -> SGM
Michael B.
Pilha -> CPL
Patrick D.
Tillman -> CW3
Bruce E.
Preço -> CPT
Daniel W.
Eggers -> SPC
Joseph A.
Jeffries -> SFC
Robert J.
Mogensen -> MAJ
Paul R.
Syverson III -> SSG
Paul C.
Mardis Jr. -> CPT
Michael Y.
Tarlavsky -> SSG
Aaron N.
Holleyman -> SSG
Robert S.
Goodwin -> SSG
Tony B.
Olaes -> PFC
Nathan E.
Stahl -> LTC
Mark P.
Phelan -> MAJ
Charles R.
Soltes Jr. -> SSG
Michael G.
Owen -> CPL
Jonathan J.
Santos -> CPL
William M.
Amundson Jr. -> SGT
Bryan L.
Freeman Jr. -> SGT
Michael C.
O’Neill -> SGM
Robert D.
Odell ->

SFC
Pedro A.
Munoz -> SGT
Jeremy R.
Wright -> SFC
Mickey E.
Zaun -> SFC
Allen C.
Johnson -> SFC
Steven M.
Langmack -> SSG
Leroy E.
Alexandre -> CPT
Charles D.
Robinson -> SFC
Victor H.
Cervantes -> SSG
Christopher
N. Piper -> MSG
Robert M.
Horrigan -> MSG
Michael L.
McNulty -> SSG
Shamus O.
Goare -> CW3
Corey J.
Goodnature -> SGT
Kip A.
Jacoby -> SFC
Marcus V.
Muralles -> MSG
James W.
Ponder III -> MAJ
Stephen C.
Reich -> SFC
Michael L.
Russell -> CW4
Chris J.
Scherkenbach -> SGT
Jason T.
Palmerton -> PFC
Damian J.
Garza -> PV2
John M.
Henderson Jr. -> SFC
Brett E.
Walden -> SSG
Christopher
M. Falkel -> CPT
Jeremy A.
Chandler -> SFC
Trevor J.
Morrendo -> MSG
Ivica
Jerak -> CPL
Timothy
M. Shea -> SFC
Obediah J.
Kolath -> MAJ
Gregory J.
Fester -> SFC
Lawrence E.
Morrison -> SSG
Gary R.
Harper Jr. -> SSG
Matthew A.
Kimmell -> PFC
Dillon M.
Jutras -> MAJ
Jeffrey P.
Toczylowski -> SFC
James S.
Ochsner -> MSG
Anthony R.
C. Yost -> SGT
Regina C.
Reali -> SGT
Cheyenne
C. Willey -> MSG
Joseph J.
Andres Jr. -> 1SG
Tobias C.
Meister -> SSG
Ayman A.
Taha -> CPL
George A.
Lutz II ->

SFC
Lance S.
Cornett -> SSG
Edwin H.
DazaChacon -> SFC
Chad A.
Gonsalves -> SGT
Alberto D.
Montrond -> SSG
Clinton T.
Newman -> MSG
Emigdio E.
Elizarraras -> SSG
Ricardo
Barraza -> SGT
Dale G.
M. Brehm -> SFC
Christopher
L. Robinson -> SFC
Richard J.
Herrema -> SPC
Teodoro
Torres -> SSG
Nathan J.
Vacho -> 1SG
Carlos N.
Saenz -> CW5
Jamie D.
Semanas -> MAJ
Matthew W.
Worrell -> CPT
Shane R. M.
Mahaffee -> LTC
Daniel E.
Holanda -> SSG
cristão
Longsworth -> SFC
Daniel B.
Crabtree -> MSG
Thomas D.
Maholic -> SSG
Michael A.
Dickinson II -> SSG
Eric
Caban -> SFC
Merideth L.
Howard -> SSG
Robert
J. Paul -> SPC
Adam L.
Knox -> SSG
Carlos
Dominguez -> CW2
Scott W.
Tintureiro -> SSG
Ronald L.
Paulsen -> SGT
Daniel W.
Winegeart -> SSG
Kyu H.
Chay -> SFC
William R.
Castanho -> SFC
Tung M.
Nguyen -> 2LT
Scott B.
Lundell -> SGT
Dustin M.
Adkins -> SGT
Marco L.
Miller ->

SGT
Thomas E.
Vandling Jr. -> CPT
Brian S.
Freeman -> MAJ
Alan R.
Johnson -> SGT
James J.
Regan -> SPC
Ryan C.
Garbs -> SPC
Brandon D.
Gordon -> PFC
Kristofer
Thomas -> SGT
Adam A.
Wilkinson -> CW3
Hershel D.
McCants Jr. -> CW3
John A.
Quinlan -> SPC
Travis R.
Vaughn -> SSG
Michael D.
Thomas -> SGT
Timothy P.
Padgett -> SGM
Bradly D.
Conner -> SSG
Joshua R.
Whitaker -> MSG
Arthur L.
Lilley -> SFC
Nathan L.
Winder -> SSG
Robb L.
Rolfing -> MAJ
James M.
Ahearn -> SGT
Keith A.
Kline -> SFC
Sean K.
Mitchell -> CPL
Jason M.
Kessler -> SSG
Jesse G.
Clowers Jr. -> SFC
Jeffery D.
Chaleira -> SGT
Charles B.
Kitowski III -> SSG
Robert R.
Pirelli -> SPC
George
V. Libby -> SFC
Adrian M.
Elizalde -> SFC
Michael J.
Tully -> CPL
Benjamin
C. Dillon -> SFC
Justin S.
Monschke -> SSG
Joseph F.
Curreri -> MAJ
Jeffrey R.
Calero -> CPT
Benjamin D.
Tiffner -> SSG
Patrick F.
Kutschbach -> SGT
Steven C.
Ganczewski ->

SSG
Ryan D.
Maseth -> SSG
Justin R.
Badejo -> SSG
Robert J.
Miller -> SSG
William R.
Neil Jr. -> SGT
Nicholas A.
Robertson -> SSG
Jason L.
Castanho -> SFC
David L.
McDowell -> SSG
Frank J.
Gasper -> SPC
Christopher
Gathercole -> SFC
David
Nunez -> SPC
Thomas F.
Duncan III -> SSG
Travis K.
Hunsberger -> SFC
Jeffrey M.
Rada
Morales -> MSG
Shawn E.
Simmons -> SGT
James M.
Treber -> MSG
Mitchell W.
Young -> SSG
David W.
Textor -> CPT
Richard G.
Cliff Jr. -> SFC
Jamie S.
Nicholas -> SFC
Gary J.
Vasquez -> SGT
William P.
Rudd -> MAJ
Robert D.
Lindenau -> SGT
Nicholas A.
Casey ->

SSG
Anthony D.
Davis -> SSG
Marc J.
Pequeno -> SSG
Jeremy E.
Bessa -> MSG
David L.
Ferido -> CPL
Ryan C.
McGhee -> CPL
Benjamin
S. Kopp -> CW2
Douglas
M.Vose III -> SFC
Alejandro
Granado III -> CPT
Ronald G.
Luce Jr. -> SFC
Severin W.
Summers III -> CPT
João
Tinsley -> CPL
Nicholas R.
Roush -> SFC
William B.
Woods Jr. -> SSG
Andrew T.
Lobosco -> SSG
Jason S.
Dahlke -> PFC
Eric W.
Hario -> SFC
Duane A.
Thornsbury -> SFC
Bradley S.
Bohle -> SFC
Shawn P.
McCloskey -> SSG
Joshua M.
Moinhos -> SSG
Jack M.
Martin III -> SFC
Christopher
D. Shaw -> SGT
Roberto D.
Sanchez -> SSG
Keith R.
Bispo -> SGT
Josue E.
Hernandez
Chávez -> CW3
Niall D.
Lyons -> SSG
Shawn H.
McNabb -> SFC
David E.
Metzger -> CW4
Michael P.
Montgomery -> SGT
Nickolas A.
Mueller -> SSG
Matthew A.
Pucino ->

SSG
Rusty H.
Cristão -> SPC
Marc P.
Decoteau -> CPT
David J.
Thompson -> SFC
David J.
Hartman -> SFC
Matthew S.
Sluss- Tiller -> SSG
Mark A.
Stets Jr. -> SGT
Joel D.
Clarkson -> CPL
Michael D.
Jankiewicz -> SSG
James R.
Patton -> SGT
Ronald A.
Kubik -> SGT
Jason A.
Santora -> MSG
Mark W.
Coleman -> CPT
Kyle A.
Conforto -> SGT
Jonathan
K. Peney -> SGT
Andrew J.
Creighton -> SPC
Joseph W.
Dimock II -> SGT
Anibal
Santiago -> SGT
Justin B.
Allen -> CPT
Jason E.
Holbrook -> SSG
Kyle R.
Warren -> MSG
Jared N.
Van Aalst -> SGT
Andrew C.
Nicol -> SPC
Bradley D.
Rappuhn -> SPC
Christopher
S. Wright -> SGT
Martin A.
Lugo -> SFC
Ronald A.
Grider -> SFC
Calvin B.
Harrison -> SFC
Lance H.
Vogeler -> SSG
Kevin M.
Pape ->

SFC
Dae H.
Park -> MSG
Benjamin F.
Bitner -> SFC
Martin R.
Apolinar -> SGT
Aaron J.
Blasjo -> CPT
Joseph W.
Schultz -> SSG
Jeremy A.
Katzenberger -> SFC
Wyatt A.
Ourives -> MSG
Benjamin A.
Stevenson -> CPT
Waid C.
Ramsey -> SGT
Alessandro
Plutino -> MSG
Danial R.
Adams -> SSG
Michael W.
Hosey -> SGT
Tyler N.
Holtz -> SPC
Ricardo
Cerros Jr. -> SFC
Kristoffer B.
Domeij -> PFC
Christopher
A. Buzinas -> 1LT
Ashley I.
Branco ->

SFC
Benjamin B.
Wise -> SGT
Tanner S.
Higgins -> SSG
Andrew T.
Britton-Mihalo -> SSG
Brandon F.
Eggleston -> SSG
Brandon R.
Pimenta -> MSG
Gregory R.
Trent -> SSG
Jeremie S.
Fronteira -> SFC
Riley G.
Stephens -> SFC
Aaron A.
Henderson -> SSG
Justin C.
Marquez -> WO1
Joseph L.
Schiro -> SGT
Thomas R.
MacPherson -> SFC
Ryan J.
Savard -> CW2
Michael S.
Duskin -> SSG
Kashif M.
Memon -> SGT
Clinton K.
Ruiz ->

CPT
Andrew M.
Pedersen-Keel -> SFC
James F.
Grissom -> SSG
Michael H.
Simpson -> WO1
Sean W.
Mullen -> SSG
Stephen
M. Novo -> MSG
George A.
Bannar Jr. -> SFC
Liam J.
Nevins -> SGT
Joshua J.
Strickland -> SSG
Timothy R.
McGill -> SGT
Patrick C.
Hawkins -> SPC
Cody J.
Patterson -> CPT
Jennifer M.
Moreno -> SGT
Joseph M.
Peters -> SSG
Patrick H.
Quinn -> SSG
Richard L.
Vazquez -> SSG
Alex A.
Viola ->

SSG
Daniel
T. Lee -> SPC
Christopher
A. Landis -> SFC
Roberto C.
Skelt Jr. -> SPC
John A.
Pelham -> CPT
Jason B.
Jones -> SSG
Jason A.
McDonald -> SSG
Scott R.
Studenmund -> SSG
Girard D.
Gass Jr. -> SFC
Andrew T.
Weathers -> SFC
Michael A.
Cathcart -> SSG
Matthew R.
Ammerman ->

SFC
Mateus
McClintock -> SSG
Matthew V.
Thompson -> SSG
Adam S.
Thomas -> MAJ
Andrew D.
Byers -> SFC
Ryan A.
Gloyer -> SSG
James F.
Moriarty -> SSG
Kevin J.
McEnroe -> SFC
Matthew C.
Lewellen ->

SSG
marca
de Alencar -> SGT
Joshua
Rodgers -> SGT
Cameron
Thomas -> SSG
Logan J.
Melgar -> SSG
Aaron
Mordomo -> SSG
Emil
Rivera-Lopez -> SSG
Jeremias
Johnson -> SSG
Bryan
Preto -> SSG
Dustin
Wright -> SGT
La David
Johnson -> CW2
Jacob
Sims -> SFC
Stephen
Cribben ->

SFC
Mihail
Golin -> MSG
Jonathan
J. Dunbar -> SSG
Alexandre
W. Conrad -> SFC
Christopher
A. Celiz -> SFC
Reymund R.
Transfiguracion -> CW3
Taylor
J. Galvin -> MAJ
Brent R.
Taylor -> SGT
Leandro A.S.
Jasso -> CPT
Andrew P.
Ross -> SFC
Eric M.
Emond ->

CW2
Jonathan
R. Farmer -> SGT
Cameron
A. Meddock -> SSG
Joshua
Z. Beale -> SFC
Will D.
Lindsay -> MSG
Micheal
B. Riley -> SGM
James G.
Sartor -> MSG
Luis F.
DeLeon-Figueroa -> MSG
Jose J.
Gonzalez -> SFC
Dustin
B. Ard -> SFC
Jeremy
W. Griffin -> SFC
Michael
Goble ->

“O tempo não diminuirá a glória de seus atos.”
- John J. Pershing, General dos Exércitos


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GALÁXIAS
Formado em Ironwood, uma cidade mineira localizada no canto noroeste da Península Superior de Michigan, o Galaxies foi a primeira banda de rock and roll a emergir da região rica em ferro da Cordilheira Gogebic. O single de estreia do grupo foi uma das primeiras produções de um artista Top 40 que alcançaria maior fama como produtor musical vencedor do Grammy em Los Angeles e Nashville. Embora o Galaxies se tornasse o primeiro U.P. banda para lançar um single em uma gravadora nacional, o grupo se separou antes de atingir seu vasto potencial.

Ironwood é a cidade mais a oeste de Michigan, situada na mesma linha de longitude de St. Louis, Missouri, e é uma das poucas cidades do estado localizada no Fuso Horário Central. Ironwood está localizado perto da fronteira com Wisconsin, no Condado de Gogebic. As origens do Gogebic (pronuncia-se & quotgo-GIH-bik & quot) são obscuras, embora sejam quase certamente enraizadas em uma língua nativa americana. Uma sugestão é que foi nomeado em homenagem ao Lago Gogebic, cujo nome, por sua vez, veio da palavra & quotagogebic & quot, que significa & cota de corpo d'água suspenso no alto & quot, referindo-se à alta elevação do lago & # 039s.

A descoberta de vastas jazidas de minério de ferro combinada com a chegada da ferrovia na área resultou na abertura de várias grandes minas e no desenvolvimento da indústria madeireira e no afluxo de imigrantes principalmente da Suécia, Alemanha, Inglaterra, Itália, Polônia, e Finlândia.

Hurley, Wisconsin, é separada de Ironwood pelo Rio Montreal e é o local de nascimento e residência do único membro sobrevivente das Galáxias, Andy Abraham. Ele e Christine (Gygi) Sullivan, a viúva do vocalista do Galaxies Danny Sullivan, lembram de Hurley como uma cidade madeireira difícil que tinha clubes de strip e prostitutas que atendiam os mineiros, madeireiros, caçadores e outros aventureiros na área.

Na época em que Christine se formou no ensino médio em 1960, a cidade havia perdido parte de sua notoriedade. Ela disse que havia um livro escrito sobre as reputações escandalosas de Hurley e Hayward, outra cidade madeireira no norte de Wisconsin, chamada Hurley, Hayward e Hell. O título foi supostamente tirado de um telefonema de um condutor de trem no dia de "Todos a bordo para Hurley, Hayward e Inferno" para os passageiros madeireiros e mineiros que buscavam uísque e mulheres soltas em duas das cidades mais selvagens da região.

A autora vencedora do Prêmio Pulitzer, Edna Ferber, baseou seu romance de 1935 Come And Get It nos primeiros dias de extração de madeira de Hurley em Wisconsin. Um filme com o mesmo nome foi feito em 1936. Foi dirigido por Howard Hawks e William Wyler e estrelado por Edward Arnold, Frances Farmer e Joel McCrea. O filme também apresentou a canção da época da Guerra Civil "Aura Lee", cuja melodia foi usada em "Love Me Tender", o hit nº 1 de Elvis Presley em 1956.

Andy Abraham teve uma criação um tanto incomum. Sua mãe era dona de uma taverna em Hurley e abriu o Nora's Bar em 1940. Abraham, que nasceu em 1942, e seus seis irmãos moravam no andar de cima. Nora Abraham era uma senhora durona que fumava um charuto em seu bar, mas era muito bondosa fora do local de trabalho. Andy Abraham lembra que sua mãe era “louca por música e sempre tinha piano em casa”. Ela garantiu que Andy e seu irmão estudassem piano desde pequenos e insistiu que eles também tivessem aulas de sapateado.

Recitais de sapateado em trajes de cartola e fraque foram a introdução de Andy Abrahams a se apresentar na frente de uma platéia. The recitals were where Abraham first met his future bandmate in the Galaxies, Danny Sullivan, when they were both pre-teens. Sullivan, who was born and lived in Ironwood, also took tap lessons and danced at the recitals with his sister Diane.

Abraham’s biological father left when he was a child, and he was brought up by his stepfather who had a logging camp that he would operate every day. Andy was just ten-years-old when he started working in the woods with his stepfather. They would haul loads of pulp for a paper mill to a railroad boxcar on the first run and then mining timber to shore up the underground mines in Montreal, Wisconsin, located 5 miles southwest of Hurley. The Montreal Mine was part of the Gogebic Range and, at one time, was the deepest iron ore mine in the world.

Rock and roll first came to the Hurley-Ironwood area via the radio. Teens like Andy Abraham and Danny Sullivan tuned in to WLS out of Chicago for the Dick Biondi Show. Inspired by what he heard, Abraham’s first record purchase was “Rock Around The Clock” by Bill Haley And His Comets. From there he went on to purchase the latest hits by Elvis Presley, Little Richard, and the recordings on the Sun label of Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, and Jerry Lee Lewis at the Johnson Music Store at 126 W. Aurora in Ironwood. Johnson’s doubled as an appliance store where you could buy hot water heaters, toilets, washers and driers, and televisions, as well as musical instruments and the latest rock and roll hits.

In a recent MRRL interview, Andy Abraham stated that Ironwood’s local station WJMS was “pretty progressive for being that far north.” Besides broadcasting rock and roll, the station had a regular band called the WJMS Barnyard Ramblers that played live on Saturday mornings, sponsored by the Brookdale Dairy. Abraham said that the group played mostly country music, but they were versatile and also performed some early rockabilly tunes. Andy got to know the band members, especially the guitar players, and watching the Barnyard Ramblers planted the seed that eventually led to Abraham joining his first band.

That opportunity would present itself just across the Montreal River in Ironwood in 1958. Ironwood native Greg Winn received a guitar for his birthday during his junior year at St. Ambrose High School. Winn had attended the seminary as a youngster, intending to become a priest, but changed his mind and returned to Ironwood. The area had a lot of good guitar players and teachers and Winn picked up some basic chords and taught himself to play. Things started to come together when his classmate and good friend, Danny Sullivan, also got a guitar.

Greg Winn was interviewed years later about his time in the Galaxies by Jim Oldsberg for his Lost and Found magazine. Oldsberg’s resulting article, Ad Libbing with The Galaxies, offers the best account of the band’s formation. “We started a band called the Halfbeats”, Winn told Oldsberg. “Our original drummer’s name was Jerry Gregory, one of our classmates. He had one drum, a snare, which he borrowed from the high school. He could keep a beat, but there wasn’t much he could do with only a snare. He soon lost interest and dropped out.” *

Winn and Sullivan then recruited Denny Galka from nearby Hurley as their second drummer but they need a bass player to round out the band. Danny Sullivan ran into Andy Abraham, who was a sophomore at J. E. Murphy High School in Hurley, told him about the band, and mentioned that they were looking for another guy. Abraham had started out on piano and had no trouble switching to electric bass after taking some lessons from a local musician.

“Denny Galka was a very successful teenage entrepreneur in his own right,” Abraham told Oldsberg. He ran his own record hop dances known as ‘Spinner Sanctum’. They were mostly in northern Wisconsin. Our first public performance, at a teen dance, was with him at the Hurley Memorial Building. Denny took 50% and wanted to split the other 50% with the rest of us. It was obvious then that we couldn’t do too much with him.” *

“Dick ‘Nite Train’ Williamson, an established disc jockey from Bessemer, Michigan, also ran record hops,” Winn told Oldsberg. They asked Williamson to be their agent/manager which led to Galka leaving the band. Williamson then brought in drummer Bernie Michelli to replace Galka. Michelli, who was eight years older, was also from Bessemer, which was located ten miles east of Ironwood, and had drummed in jazz, polka and country bands, as well as for strippers in Hurley. “We were his first rock band,” Winn stated “but as far as experience went, Bernie was by far the most well-rounded musician of the four of us.” *

The band had uniforms for their first gig with Williamson as their manager. They knew a seamstress in Hurley who made them pink puffy-sleeved blouses complete with a cummerbund, worn over black slacks. They were still billing themselves as the Halfbeats but were looking for a new name. Williamson suggested 'The Galaxies' from the new Ford Galaxie. The company had put out the model in early 1959 in a marketing attempt to appeal to the excitement surrounding the Space Race between the United States and Russia. The band was unanimous in accepting the new moniker.

“The first real dance I remember us playing was in Ashland, Wisconsin, just south of Lake Superior. We only knew 20 songs, which we had to play over and over,” Winn told Jim Oldsberg. “We played whatever was popular on the radio, but people often compared our style to Buddy Holly, Gene Vincent, and Eddie Cochran. I thought we sounded most like Vincent.” “Dan Sullivan was incredible,” Winn recalled “he was able to listen to a song twice and have all the lyrics and performer’s style memorized.” *

Andy Abraham had this to say about the Galaxies’ lead singer: “Danny Sullivan was a totally unassuming kind of person. If you were his friend, you were his friend period. I liked everything about him right off the bat. On stage, he was a female magnet. They were attracted to him immediately. He was a showman, and would get down and lay on the floor while performing.”

The Galaxies regularly rehearsed in the basement of St. Ambrose Church in Ironwood which had a stage. The band also had a regular gig in the Ironwood Memorial Building, which could hold a 1,000 people for a dance. It was at these dances that the band tried out their new songs and stage routines.

They started writing their own songs right away because they knew that original songs were important if the band was the be successful in rock and rock and roll. Buddy Holly and Chuck Berry were early role models. Danny wrote on his own at home. Andy also wrote at home on the piano while Greg Winn composed with both Sullivan and Abraham and contributed several guitar instrumentals.

Because of the young ages of Winn, Sullivan, and Abraham, the band was prevented from playing in bars. They played mostly high school hops or community dances to which teenagers would come. Most every town in the north had some sort of auditorium with a stage at one end of it and Dick Williamson booked the Galaxies for dances all over the Upper Peninsula, northern Wisconsin, and as far west as Minnesota.

The Galaxies had no idea that Williamson was going to be such as dynamo as their manager, but he was a well-known radio personality at WJMS and had a show six nights per week. He had quite a following, and got a lot of young people to come to his dances. Williamson also brought national acts to Ironwood including Conway Twitty, Dale Hawkins, Buddy Knox, and Jimmy Bowen and that’s how the Galaxies first met the man who produced their first 45.

Jimmy Bowen began as a teenage recording star in 1957 with his hit, “I’m Sticking With You”. The song was originally released as the flipside of Buddy Knox’ # 1 hit “Party Doll”, a song co-written by Knox and Bowen and recorded with their group, the Rhythm Orchids. “I’m Sticking With You” became a big hit on its own, selling over one million copies but Bowen’s singing career was not a successful as that of Knox, and he wanted to move into record production instead.

The Galaxies opened for Jimmy Bowen at a gig in Ironwood on June 20, 1959. He was impressed with the band, told them about the Kay Bank Studios in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and gave the Galaxies the phone number and address. Bowen was very anxious to get into record production and encouraged them to record with him.

Kay Bank Studios was a recording facility located at 2541 Nicollet Avenue in Minneapolis. Daniel Heilicher and his brother Amos started in a business together in the 1930s, distributing and stocking jukeboxes. In 1954, they founded the Soma Record label ("Amos" backwards), and started producing records in cooperation with Vernon Bank, owner of Kay Bank Studios.

Some significant recordings were made at Kay Bank and released on the Soma label over the years: Bobby Vee and The Shadows with “Susie Baby” in 1959, the Fendermen released “Muleskinner Blues” in 1960, and the Castaways’ “Liar, Liar” from 1965 were all on Soma. Although the songs were released on other labels, Dave Dudley recorded “Six Days On The Road” and the Trashmen recorded “Surfin’ Bird” at Kay Bank. In addition, Chad Allen and the Expressions (later renamed the Guess Who) came down from Canada and recorded their classic “Shakin’ All Over” at Kay Bank Studios.

Being from small towns in the Upper Peninsula, it was quite an experience traveling to their first recording session in September of 1959. “It was a big deal to make the long trip down to the Twin Cities spend the night in a hotel on our own wander the streets and look up at the 20 or 30 story buildings (nothing was over 2 or 3 stories in Ironwood), and get to work in a ‘real’ recording studio with a national star,” Winn recalled. “It was a blast!” *

Prior to the Galaxies’ first recording session at Kay Bank, they sometimes featured a singer named Mel Nikula at their gigs. Nikula worked for WDMJ-TV, the Upper Peninsula’s first television station. Although he was not a rocker like Danny Sullivan, Nikula was an effective ballad singer and was invited to accompany the band to the session in Minneapolis.

“The Galaxies spent six hours in the studio that day with Jimmy Bowen and C. W. Kendall who helped out with the musical direction. The band recorded four of their original tunes. First off was the incredible Sullivan-penned rocker, “If You Want To Be My Baby”. Danny Sullivan’s vocals were a cross between Eddie Cochran and Gene Vincent with a little Elvis thrown in for good measure. Greg Winn’s energetic Gibson lead guitar work on the tune and on his own instrumental composition of “Ad Lib” were fabulous, while Andy Abraham and Bernie Michelli tied everything together on bass and drums. The two other songs recorded that day were written by Abraham “I Want To Rock” with Andy on lead vocal, and the ballad “Love Has Its Ways” which featured Mel Nikula.” *

“Jimmy Bowen worked out all the accompanying paperwork, and the Galaxies paid him for his services as producer as well as the cost of the studio time. They also picked up the tab for the pressing of the 45 rpm. Because they were on a limited budget, only 300-500 copies of the record were pressed. “If You Want To Be My Baby” backed with “Ad Lib” was released on the band’s own Darbo label. (Darbo came from Jimmy Bowen’s wife’s name, Darlene Bowen).” *

Dick Williamson advised the band to change their name to ‘Danny and the Galaxies’ on the “If You Want To Be My Baby’ a-side of the disc because he felt that it would be easier to sell the band if one of the members was highlighted. Since Danny Sullivan was the singer and also had a very strong stage presence, he was the logical choice. Listen to "If You Want To Be My Baby" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wECpg2QX1C4

Unfortunately, Jimmy Bowen seemed to lose interest in the Galaxies after the session for a variety of reasons. His long partnership with Buddy Knox was coming to an end as was his recording contract with Roulette Records. He didn’t use his music industry contacts to help the band get signed to a national record company that could have promoted and distributed the single. Instead, Bowen signed with a new label and continued his singing career for a few more years. In the early 1960s, Bowen moved to Los Angeles and was hired as a record producer by Frank Sinatra for his new label, Reprise Records. He would go on to produce hits for Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr. and Dino, Desi, & Billy along with Sinatra’s # 1 hit “Strangers In The Night” which won three Grammys in 1967, including Record of the Year for Bowen.

In the early 1970s, Bowen moved to Nashville where he enjoyed great success producing Glen Campbell, Conway Twitty, Kenny Rogers, Hank Williams Jr., the Oak Ridge Boys, Reba McEntire, and Garth Brooks. Bowen also revolutionized the way music was recorded in Nashville, introducing digital technology and modernizing the way instruments were recorded and mixed.

While Bowen went on to fame and fortune, things were quite different for the Galaxies. “We never made a penny in royalties from the record,” said Greg Winn. “What little we made came from selling small quantities of discs ourselves, off the stage. Neither song ever got played on the air in Minneapolis, but both were aired in our hometown.” *

In an advertisement in the Ironwood Daily Globe, the band was pictured under the banner ‘Home Town Boys Make Good!’ Area residents were invited to hear the record over WJMS-AM 590 and attend a live afternoon performance at Johnson Music Store by ‘the Range’s first recording group’. The Darbo record also earned the Galaxies a gig at the ornate Ironwood Theatre, built in 1928. The movie palace presented two complete band performances at 7 and 9pm along the thrilling 1959 motion picture Speed Crazy, starring Brett Halsey. All seats were 75 cents. **

Greg Winn remembered the performance. “Dan Sullivan was a good-looking Irish/Italian kid trying his darnedest to sound like Elvis. At the Ironwood Theatre, Dan sang Ricky Nelson’s “Lonesome Town”. He laid down on the front of the stage, and they hit him with a blue spotlight. There were probably some girls there that night that wet their pants! I only sang two solos in the band – one was Dorsey Burnette’s “Hey Little One”. Andy Abraham sang the Little Richard songs he had a higher voice than Dan’s.” *

Bernie Michelli was the only member of the band that was married in 1959, and his wife, Marilyn, often traveled with the Galaxies and sold records at the gigs. “Danny had a beautiful voice,” Marilyn told the Daily Globe in 2007. “Danny was the one that could’ve gone places.” On the road, Marilyn said that Dick Williamson often pretended that she was his wife, telling the band, “you can’t have one of the Galaxies married.” ***

Putting on a good show was an important part of the Galaxies’ appeal. Bernie Michelli was featured in a lengthy drum solo during which their manager and the other members of the Galaxies took away his drums one by one, leaving “Gene of the North” (Michelli’s nickname taken from his musical idol, the great drummer Gene Krupa) with only his drumsticks. Greg Winn would leap from the stage, tethered by a 50-foot guitar cord and land on his knees or climb on Andy Abraham’s shoulders and play guitar solos behind his head. ***

These were the days when bands strove to look different from their audience. In 1959, the Galaxies added another uniform of bright white sport coats with short-sleeved red shirts and red pants. Greg Winn told Jim Oldsberg that the first time they wore the new uniforms was memorable. “We played the first set in the pink and black outfits,” Winn said. “Before the start of the second set, we closed the stage curtains and got into place behind them. The curtains opened to reveal us in those bright red and white outfits. The kids were mesmerized. That night I don’t think we could have done anything wrong.” *

Always stylish, the Galaxies' other costumes ranged from cardigan sweaters with wide gray and black stripes, to peach satin shirts, and white tuxedo jackets with green sequined lapels. **

Having a record out was an important factor in getting gigs, and Dick Williamson booked them as far away as Duluth, Minnesota, as well as Madison, Milwaukee, and Green Bay, Wisconsin. The Galaxies also appeared on television several times – The Johnny Sax Show in Green Bay and a Bandstand-type program in Duluth on which they played live rather than lip-synching.

Williamson was also instrumental in eventually getting the Galaxies a record deal. He knew John O’Brien, the regional distributor for Guaranteed Records, who was based in Milwaukee. It was through this connection that the Galaxies got a contract with the New York record label to release a second single.

Guaranteed was a subsidiary of the Carlton Records label. Carlton had enjoyed a great deal of success in 1958 and 1959 with Jack Scott who had charted 8 songs in the Billboard Hot 100, including the Top 40 hits: “My True Love”, “Leroy”, “With Your Love”, “Goodbye Baby” and “The Way I Walk”.

Guaranteed’s big artist was Paul Evans who had charted three Top 40 singles in 1959 and 1960: “Seven Little Girls Sitting In The Back Seat”, “Midnite Special”, and “Happy-Go-Lucky-Me”.

Dick Williamson had a New York connection because a girl from Ironwood that he knew, Julann Wright, was married to Merv Griffin. Williamson hoped to use his Merv Griffin connection to see if he could get the Galaxies on American Bandstand. Unfortunately, Dick Clark was one of the main targets in the congressional hearings surrounding the payola scandal at the time, and the possibility of the Galaxies appearing on the program got lost in the turmoil encircling the investigation of the Bandstand host.

“When we signed with the people at Guaranteed, Dan and Dick flew to New York. The rest of us stayed behind. I was the leader, but Dan went because he was the singer,” Winn told Oldsberg. “We were told that the contract that Jimmy Bowen had set up for us was illegal. Bowen had lost interest in us, anyway, so we figured the Guaranteed deal would be just the shot in the arm the band needed.” *

The Galaxies recorded their one and only single for Guaranteed at the Kay Bank Studios in Minneapolis in 1960. The a-side was “My Tattle Tale (I’m Gonna Tell My Mommy On You)”, a frantic rocker that lasted just 1 minute and 36 seconds, written by Sullivan and Winn. Danny Sullivan’s lead vocal is similar to Eddie Cochran’s and Greg Winn provides both the falsetto voice in the song and a driving guitar solo. Andy Abraham’s bass is also prominent in the mix. The flipside was an instrumental version of the Abraham-penned song called “Love Has Its Way” that the band had first recorded with Bowen at their first session. Listen to "My Tattle Tale" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXNmq5VghEU

When the second 45 was issued, Johnson Music Store promoted the event with another ad. ‘The (Gogebic) Range’s own Galaxies flew to New York to make this hit record and signed a record contract with Carlton Record Corp., a national house of record hits! We’re for them, the teenagers are for them…we all wish them well,’ the copy boasted. The ad urged readers to ‘be the first to hear and buy this new record.’ **

The Galaxies made another appearance at the store where they autographed copies of the record on request. Copies of “My Tattle Tale” were enclosed in a sleeve which asked record buyers to join the Paul Evans Fan Club, although the Galaxies had a national fan club of their own. In the accompanying news story, the Ironwood Daily Globe reported that “My Tattle Tale” was in the ‘Top 60 record hits in the Milwaukee area.’ The newspaper also noted that the Galaxies ‘have been busy lately making personal appearances in Detroit and Milwaukee.’ **

Throughout 1960 and most of 1961 the Galaxies rode high locally on the success of being a national recording group. They played at the Eagles Club in Milwaukee in 1960, sharing the stage with Della Reese at the fifth annual Millie Awards. They were the opening act at a Conway Twitty concert and played at a fund-raiser for U.P. Senator Joe Mack, but they weren’t making much money. Greg Winn claimed that in 1960, he made just under $1,000. *** That might be fine for a high school student, but in 1961, Winn married his high school sweetheart Lucia and now had to think about supporting a wife, and Danny Sullivan had met Christine Gygi.

Christine was born in Ironwood in 1942 but grew up in Gile, Wisconsin, a tiny town north of Hurley. Her family was of Swiss descent and her father worked in the Cary Mine, one of the largest iron mines in the Gogebic Range. Christine attended St. Mary’s Catholic Grade School with Andy Abraham through the 8th grade in Hurley, before joining him for the next four years at the town’s J. E. Murphy High School.

She was a rock and roll fan and bought records by Buddy Holly and Elvis Presley at the Johnson Music Sore in Ironwood. Christine started dating Danny Sullivan in 1960, the year she graduated from high school. There was an immediate attraction between her and the singer who had graduated in 1959.

They were already talking about marriage when Danny and Dick Williamson flew to New York to meet with Carlton Records, and the couple married in 1961 at St. Mary’s Church in Hurley. Their first child, Sue, was born the following year.

The marriages were the reason Andy Abraham quit the band in 1961. “Everyone was getting married,” he told the Daily Globe in 2007. “You can’t be a rock-n-roll band when you’re married.” *** Interviewed by MRRL in 2017, Abraham said that leaving the band was a mistake on his part. “I didn’t realize that something like what we had in the Galaxies doesn’t come around very often.”

The Galaxies carried on with a new bass player named Denny Soltis while Abraham enrolled in college. The band traveled to Minnesota to compete in the Duluth Portorama Battle of the Bands and won the first-place trophy – the winner was determined by the applause from a crowd of over 3,000 music lovers. ***

The next blow came when Greg Winn decided to leave in late 1961 and moved to Wausau, Wisconsin. Sullivan, Michelli, and Soltis carried on as a trio for a time, but it just wasn’t the same, and the band came to an end in 1962.

Winn then moved to Racine, Wisconsin, where he worked as a computer tech for NCR. He transferred to the Twin Cities four years later and continued to work in computers as a tech instructor and tech writer. At one point, he was working full-time while taking a full course load at the university of Minnesota as a music theory major. Winn, who fathered four children with his first wife and one more with his second, moved back to the Ironwood area in 1999. He played piano and organ in a number of local churches until his death from cancer in 2014. *** Listen to Greg Winn and the Galaxies on the instrumental "Ad Lib" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rUBAf2qkK_Y

Dick Williamsom moved to Calfornia shortly after the Galaxies broke up. He died there in 2010, the result of a fall.

Bernie Michelli stayed behind in Bessemer. He and Marilyn had four children, and he had a good job with the city’s water department. He also kept the Galaxies name going, playing weddings with new members well into the 1970’s but it was a pale imitation of the original band, and this version never recorded. Bernie died of cancer in 2007.

Danny Sullivan and his family moved to Wausau and took a job at the A&P store. He formed a new band called Three Of A Kind, shortly thereafter, with Sullivan on guitar and lead vocals, Wally Cegielski on steel guitar, and Dick Kamerus on drums.

In 1968, Danny, Christine, Sue, and Dan Jr., who was born in 1964, moved to Eau Claire, Wisconsin, so that Danny could attend barber school. While there, he formed another band called the Knott Brothers. The following year, Danny and family moved back to Wausau and he put together a new version of the Knott Brothers and recorded a single on the Page Records label, “Stick Out Your Cans, Here Comes The Garbage Man” backed with “I Know This Hurt by Heart”.

Sadly, Danny Sullivan suffered from manic depression but effective treatment of the condition was still in the early stages, and the medications prescribed by doctors in 1970 were not always effective in treating the disorder. In a 2017 interview with MRRL, Christine said that “the medication Danny was on at the time of his death really took him down, but we didn’t realize it.” It was during one of those very dark periods that Danny took his own life.

After Danny’s death, Christine and the children moved back to Gile where she had the support of both her family and Danny’s parents. In the late 1970’s, Christine married Kenny Forslund, an area school teacher.

Andy Abraham returned to music in 1964 when he joined a band called Frank Martinez and The Pharomen. The group recorded one single for the Soma label and both songs, “Jeanette” and a new version of “Love Has Its Way”, were penned by Abraham. He later picked up the pedal steel guitar and played in rock, country, and jazz bands all over the United States and Canada.

He met his wife in California, and they owned and operated a restaurant called The Rainbow in Olympia, Washington, that specialized in ethnic food and live jazz. Abraham and his wife produced many shows at the venue and were part of the West Coast jazz circuit for fifteen years.

In 1992, Abraham moved back to Wisconsin his mother was near death and his marriage was failing. It was shortly after moving back that he reconnected with Danny Sullivan’s son, his widow Christine, and one of Danny’s sisters at Nora’s Bar, the tavern his mother owned for over 50 years. The bar is still in the Abraham family, now owned by Andy’s brother Mike and his sister Margaret who operate it under its original name.

Dan Sullivan Jr. has been a champion of the Galaxies’ legacy for many years, giving him the chance to learn more about the father he lost when he was very young. When his grandmother, Rosie Sullivan of Ironwood, died, Dan Jr. inherited all of the memorabilia she had saved from her son’s musical career.

He has been collecting Galaxies’ materials ever since, and he has put them to good use in a museum display for Andy Abraham that he put together at the Iron County Historical Society Museum in Hurley. Sullivan is also planning an exhibit at the Ironwood Area Historical Society Museum for Greg Winn and his father, as well as one for Bernie Michelli at the Bessemer Area Heritage Center.

The Galaxies came in first place in the 2017 online vote for the Michigan Rock and Roll Legends Internet Hall of Fame with more 400 votes more than either of the other two inductees. It was the largest vote margin in the history of the MRRL Hall of Fame.


Conteúdo

According to Andrew Lloyd Webber, Starlight Express has its roots in three abandoned projects: an animated TV series based on Thomas the Tank Engine, a novelty pop single, and an animated film based on Cinderella.

In 1974, Lloyd Webber approached author Reverend W. Awdry about adapting Awdry's Thomas the Tank Engine stories as an animated TV series. [5] Following the meeting, Lloyd Webber started composing, with actor and children's TV writer Peter Reeves contributing lyrics. They pitched their material to Granada TV, who commissioned a pilot episode. The episode was completed in early 1976, but Granada ultimately decided not to produce a full series as they feared that Awdry's stories were not then popular enough outside the UK to justify investing the time and money needed to make the series. [6] Ironically, the Thomas the Tank Engine series premiered seven months after Starlight Express and became highly successful.

After withdrawing from the project, Lloyd Webber heard a recording of an American soul singer, Earl Jordan, who could sing three notes at once in the style of a steam whistle. Lloyd Webber and Peter Reeves wrote a novelty pop song for Jordan called "Engine of Love", which was released in 1977. [7] The song failed to chart, but "Engine of Love" would go on to feature in some productions of Starlight Express and the melody was also later used for "He'll Whistle At Me".

Around the same time as writing "Engine of Love", an American TV station invited Lloyd Webber to compose songs for an animated film of Cinderella. In this version of the story, the Prince would hold a competition to decide which engine would pull the royal train across the United States of America. Cinderella would be a steam engine and the ugly sisters would be a diesel engine and an electric engine. The project went into development hell, but Lloyd Webber remained interested in the idea of telling a story with trains. [8]

Starlight Express proper began in early 1981. Lloyd Webber asked lyricist Richard Stilgoe to help him revive the idea as a concert for schools, in the style of Lloyd Webber's breakthrough musical, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. Lloyd Webber and Stilgoe presented two songs the following summer at the Sydmonton Festival, Lloyd Webber's private event for showcasing new work. The director Trevor Nunn watched the performance and offered to help develop the material from something "twee" [9] to something with more "spectacle and theatre magic". [10]

Together, Lloyd Webber, Stilgoe and Nunn developed the story to include the idea of trains and coaches racing. The choreographer Arlene Phillips was brought on board along with the designer John Napier, who suggested staging the show on roller skates. [11]

In 1983 the first act of Starlight Express was workshopped by Nunn and Phillips with a cast that included the comedian Tracey Ullman. Based on the workshop's success, Starlight Express went into full-scale production, eventually opening in March 1984.

Starlight Express has been revised many times since it was first produced. Each professional production has differed from the last. These differences range from tweaks to lyrics, to the omission or inclusion of entire songs, characters and sub-plots. Throughout Starlight Express ' s history, however, the fundamental story has stayed the same: a young but obsolete steam engine, Rusty, races in a championship against modern engines in the hope of impressing a first-class carriage, Pearl.

This plot summary reflects the show as it was first produced, in the West End in 1984.

Act 1 Edit

The reigning champion – a diesel engine called Greaseball – enters with his cavalcade train known as the Union Pacific. They boast of diesel's supremacy ("Rolling Stock"). Next, a steam engine called Rusty enters. Greaseball mocks Rusty, who replies that he will win the championship, despite steam being obsolete compared to diesel ("Call Me Rusty"). Control intervenes and orders Rusty to collect a passenger train from the marshalling yard. He returns with four coaches that make up the passenger train: a dining car called Dinah, a smoking car called Ashley, a buffet car called Buffy, and an observation car called Pearl. Control sends Rusty away to fetch a freight train as the coaches introduce themselves to the audience ("A Lotta Locomotion"). Greaseball returns. He boasts again, this time to the coaches ("Pumping Iron"). Rusty returns with the six trucks that make up the freight train: three boxcars called Rocky 1, Rocky 2 and Rocky 3, a brick truck called Flat-Top, an aggregate hopper called Dustin and a brake truck called C.B.. They introduce themselves to the audience and argue with the coaches over whether it is preferable to carry people or cargo ("Freight").

Control declares entries for the championship open. Six trains arrive to challenge Greaseball: Bobo, the French TGV Espresso, the Italian Rome-to-Milan Express Weltschaft, the German Class 103 Turnov, the Trans-Siberian Express from Russia Hashamoto, the Japanese Shinkansen Bullet Train and the City of Milton Keynes, the Advanced Passenger Train from Great Britain. Entries are about to close when a surprise entry – an electric engine called Electra – arrives. Accompanied by his entourage of five components – an armaments truck called Krupp, a repair truck called Wrench, a money truck called Purse, a freezer truck called Volta and an animal truck called Joule – Electra declares that electricity is the future of the railways ("AC/DC"). Greaseball e Electra se enfrentam enquanto os participantes formam um desfile para celebrar a corrida ("Coda do Frete").

O controle anuncia as regras do campeonato: os trens vão competir em duplas, com uma locomotiva puxando um ônibus. Haverá três baterias eliminatórias, e o vencedor de cada bateria seguirá para as finais para decidir o trem mais rápido. Os motores começam a escolher seus treinadores. Rusty se oferece para correr com Pearl, mas ela o rejeita, explicando que está esperando por seu 'trem dos sonhos' ("He Whistled at Me"). A mensageira de Electra, Purse, entra com um convite de Electra. Mesmo que Electra não seja o trem dos seus sonhos, ela aceita, deixando Rusty sozinho.


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